Robert MacDougall is Head of Enterprise Public Policy at Vodafone Group, where he leads on all public policy matters relevant to Vodafone Business, including the Internet of Things and vertical specific topics. Robert has spent the majority of his career in electronic communications policy, including eight years at the UK’s Communications Regulator Ofcom (and its predecessor Oftel). Prior to joining Vodafone, he was an Assistant Director at the UK’s Competition and Consumer Protection Authority. This included a secondment to the US Federal Trade Commission as an FTC International Fellow. Robert was the inaugural Chair of the Policy Working Group of the Alliance for Internet of Things Innovation (AIOTI), which was initiated by the European Commission to contribute to the creation of a dynamic European IoT ecosystem. He was also the first EU policy lead for the 5G Automotive Association (5GAA), a global, cross-industry organisation of companies from the automotive, technology, and telecommunications industries, working together to develop end-to-end solutions for future mobility and transportation services.