Risking it all, reform by ‘force majeure’: Will ‘constitutional crisis’ send govt into retirement?

French President Emmanuel Macron ordered his prime minister to wield a special constitutional power on Thursday that skirts parliament to force through a highly unpopular bill raising the retirement age from 62 to 64 without a vote. His calculated risk set off a clamor among lawmakers, who began singing the national anthem even before Prime Minister Elisabeth Borne arrived in the lower chamber. She spoke forcefully over their shouts, acknowledging that Macron’s unilateral move will trigger quick motions of no-confidence in his government. The fury of opposition lawmakers echoed the anger of citizens and workers’ unions. Thousands gathered at the Place de la Concorde facing the National Assembly, lighting a bonfire. As night fell, police charged against the demonstrators in waves to clear the elegant Place, but hundreds remained nearly an hour later. For more on the ensuing ‘constitutional crisis,’ FRANCE 24 is joined by Eric Fassin, Professor of Sociology in the Department of Political Science, Department of Gender Studies and the Laboratory of Gender and Human Sexuality Studies (CNRS / University of Paris VIII / Paris-Ouest).